At Spatium we thought that it will be good to empower you and provide information that will help you to be healthy and happier by being aware of your mind, body and soul’s needs.
Zinc, Zinc, Zinc what a beautiful mineral!
Zinc is an essential mineral that is found in every cell in our body. As the second most abundant trace mineral in the body after iron, zinc plays a pivotal role in a variety of biological process.
It intervenes in the production of over 300 enzymes that promote biochemical reactions in the body.
These reactions are involved in the synthesis and metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, nucleic acids, and other micro-nutrients.
Among its many functions, zinc helps maintain a healthy immune system, is needed for wound healing, helps maintain your sense of taste and smell, it is good for the digestive system and lining of the intestines, protecting the system against e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, alcohol toxicity and colitis.
Zinc stabilized the gut mucosa and reduced stomach and small intestinal injuries by enhancing gut repair process.
Zinc also protected the intestinal mucosa from alcohol-induced damage.
Zinc can prevent gut leakiness, which may reduce the risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease.
It is needed for DNA synthesis, cellular growth, blood clotting, thyroid function, vision, taste and smell . Zinc also supports normal growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence, and helps sperm develop and is needed for ovulation and fertilization. It is essential for stimulating a healthy appetite. and for your bones!!! They need it to grow and to be strong!
Zinc is essential for the normal development and function of many immune cells. Due to the critical role zinc plays in the immune system, even a mild zinc deficiency can impair immune function and increase the risk of bacterial, viral, and parasitic infection.
It is a natural anti-inflammatory and Zinc also shows efficacy in a variety of inflammatory conditions including irritable bowel syndrome, acne, allergies and asthma.
It is also anti aging due to its antioxidant properties.
Zinc and your brain!
Zinc is neuro-protective and helps preserve learning and memory function in children and adults; it also helps in cognitive activity and reduces pathological factor associates with Alzheimer’s disease and improved mitochondrial function.
Zinc supplementation has shown efficacy in treating mood disorders (e.g., depression and anxiety) clinically and in animal models.
Zinc also increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels, which are low in people with depression or people struggling with mental disorders such as OCD.
It also is calming and relaxing; it improves sleeping quality patterns in children and adults.
It is proposed that zinc relieves pain in part by binding to the NMDA receptor (as an antagonist), which is involved in initiating pain pathways.
Zinc and Cancer
Zinc deficiency substantially increases the risk of cancer in the mouth, esophagus, and stomach. Digestive tract tissues are more susceptible because of their high exposure to outside toxins.
Low blood zinc levels are also associated with head, neck, lung, gall bladder, prostate, and ovarian cancers. Restoring zinc levels can improve natural killer cell function, which is essential for killing tumour cells. Zinc also promotes Apoptosis, (self destructive mechanism used by the cells) that it is essential for the immune system and control of damaged cells.
Zinc can also block tumour growth by reducing glucose uptake, preventing the growth of new blood vessels, and inducing cell death in cancer cells from animals and humans.
Zinc helps also with the side effects of Chemothrapy and Radiotherapy as it protects you from radiation.
Mucositis (ulceration of mucous membranes) is a common side effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Studies in patients who underwent chemotherapy and radiotherapy found that zinc supplementation was able to reduce the severity of oral mucositis.
Dysgeusia (distortion of taste) and dysosmia (distortion of smell) can also occur during chemotherapy.
A study found that a daily intake of 100 mg of zinc for 4-6 months improved dysgeusia and dysosmia symptoms in patients with carbonic anhydrase VI (gustin) deficiency.
This effect is because zinc is known to stimulate the production of carbonic anhydrase VI, an enzyme in the saliva that is involved in taste bud growth.
Zinc and your organs!
It helps your kidneys by reducing inflammation, oxidative stress, and cholesterol.
It improves liver function and prevents excessive copper accumulation, which can damage the liver. It enhances the electron transport system and oxidative phosphorylation in the liver mitochondria, which increased energy output (ATP) in liver cells .
Zinc also improved the outcome of patients with hepatitis C which, if left untreated, can lead to liver scarring.
And for one of the biggest organs in the body, our skin, it makes wonders; Zinc is a powerful antioxidant and also helps prevent skin cell death from oxidative stress and bacterial toxins
Zinc shows to be beneficial for a variety of skin conditions such as Acne, Warts, Rosacea, Eczema, Psoriasis, Herpes, Melasma, dandruff among others.
Your heart and cardiovascular system need it too, to prevent atherosclerosis, strokes, angina and more.
Zinc works in your pancreas by activating insuline signaling pathways, zinc reduces excessive insulin secretion by pancreatic cells, which helps protect the pancreatic tissue from damage .
Because of zinc’s essential role in the processing, storage and secretion of insulin, a deficiency can lead to increased insulin resistance .
Studies in women report that higher dietary zinc intakes can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Zinc also helps to decrease the severity of diabetic neuropathy (nerve pain), oxidative stress, and cholesterol/triglyceride levels in type 2 diabetic patients.
Zinc and Sex
Our sexual organs need it too. Zinc also restores normal levels in the sperm of men with poor sperm motility. Seminal zinc concentration is positively correlated with sperm count, motility, and viability. It intervenes in the production of sex hormones such as testosterone and LH.
Zinc is highly concentrated in the prostate and testes and is involved in the synthesis of testosterone.
In infertile men (with low blood testosterone), supplemental zinc led to an increase in sperm count, testosterone,and fertility.
Zinc’s testosterone boosting effects may aid in increasing the libido and sexual performance of men with erectile dysfunction.
Zinc can also reduce oxidative damage to the testicles. It preserves testicular function (as measured by testicular weight, sperm concentration, and testosterone levels) in response to oxidative stress induced by cigarette smoke.
Zinc Improves Oral Health
Zinc deficiency can lead to excessive plaque formation and worsen the inflammatory process in gum disease.
Zinc-based mouthwashes were found to be effective in reducing plaque growth.
Similarly, a study in children from low-income areas found that a daily intake of 15 mg of zinc for ten weeks was associated with reduced plaque formation on the teeth.
Zinc Combats Fatigue
Low concentrations of zinc in the blood are associated with many symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome (e.g., fatigue, depression, and concentration difficulties). One study found that blood zinc levels were significantly lower in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients than in normal controls and that symptom severity was negatively correlated with blood zinc levels. The study concluded that zinc may be effective in attenuating CFS symptoms because of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties .
Gut inflammation (caused by a leaky gut) is common in people with CFS.
A study found that treating leaky gut with a mixture of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant substances including zinc in CFS patients resulted in a significant improvement of symptoms .
Zinc Improves Pregnancy Outcome
Low blood zinc levels are associated with pregnancy complications (e.g., spontaneous abortion, pre-eclampsia, extended pregnancy, preterm birth, and abnormal fetal development) .
Studies have shown that maternal zinc supplementation (in zinc deficient or underweight women) can reduce the risk of preterm birth and protect against fetal damage from alcohol exposure.
A study found that Indian mothers receiving supplemental zinc had longer gestational periods and babies with healthier weights.
Another study in pregnant women (with low blood zinc levels) found that zinc supplementation (25 mg/day) during the second half of pregnancy significantly increased infant birth weights and head circumferences.
Zinc is Beneficial for Women’s Health
Zinc deficiency is associated with hormonal imbalances that can lead to ovarian function problems, menstruation irregularities, and infertility.
Several studies have found that that oral zinc administration (in combination with mefenamic acid and alone) was able to reduce the severity and duration of menstrual pain in women .
These effects are likely due to zinc’s inhibition of prostaglandin metabolism in the uterus, which leads to decreased painful cramping in the lower abdomen.
In women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), insulin resistance can cause an increased production of androgen hormones (e.g., testosterone and DHEA), which can lead to balding, body hair growth, irregular periods and infertility.
Studies have found that zinc supplementation in women with PCOS can reduce insulin levels and improve disease symptoms (e.g., body hair growth and balding).
Women with endometriosis exhibit low blood zinc levels.
One study reported that an intake of antioxidants (i.e., vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium and zinc) was inversely correlated with the severity of endometriosis progression in women, indicating that zinc may slow the development of this disorder.
Prevention of Blindness
Age-related macular degeneration, a major cause of blindness in the elderly, is believed to be caused by oxidative stress. Clinical studies have found that zinc supplementation can slow the progression of the disease, possibly by preventing oxidative damage to the retina.
It has been suggested that zinc may protect against diabetic retinopathy (which can lead to blindness) by preventing retinal capillary cell death and neovascularization (growth of new blood vessels). This is because of zinc’s ability to reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, which is implicated in the progression of diabetic retinopathy.
Night blindness is one of the earliest symptoms of vitamin A deficiency. A study found that zinc was able to enhance the effect of vitamin A in restoring the night vision of pregnant women (who had low zinc levels).
Zinc Treats Hearing Disorders
Zinc deficiency is linked to impaired hearing in mice and rats, which can be cured with zinc supplementation.
This is likely a result of zinc’s protective effects (by increasing SOD) against toxins in ear structures (e.g., cochlea and vestibule).
People with tinnitus (ringing in the ears) have lower levels of zinc in the blood.
One study has reported that zinc supplementation (50 mg/day) for two months was able to reduce the severity of tinnitus in 82% of patients.
In another study, it was found that the addition of zinc to oral corticosterone was associated with a greater improvement in symptoms in people with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (sudden deafness from unknown reasons) than by corticosterone alone.
Otitis media (OM) is an infection of the middle ear. One study found zinc supplementation was able to significantly reduce the rate of otitis media in healthy children from low-income areas.
Zinc Reduces the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions (e.g., obesity, insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol) that can lead to an increased risk of developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
A study in children with metabolic syndrome found that zinc supplementation decreased insulin resistance, oxidative stress, inflammation, blood sugar, cholesterol, and body mass index.
According to researchers at the Department of Dermatology at the University of California,
Zinc plays an essential role in numerous biochemical pathways: organ systems, including the integumentary, gastrointestinal, central nervous system, immune, skeletal, and reproductive systems… Zinc deficiency results in dysfunction of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity and increases the susceptibility to infection.
Without enough zinc present in your diet, it’s possible to experience negative reactions like frequently getting sick, feeling like you’re always tired and run down, poor concentration, stunted growth, and the inability to heal wounds.
We are offering FREE Zinc Tests at Spatium while stock lasts! Come and have yourself tested…
How Much Do We Need to Experience These Zinc Benefits?
Zinc deficiency occurs when someone doesn’t eat enough foods that contain zinc or has trouble absorbing and using zinc from foods due to digestive disorders or very poor gut health, such as having leaky gut syndrome. The highest levels of zinc are found in foods high in protein — especially animal proteins, including high-quality meats, certain kinds of seafood and dairy (ideally raw milk and dairy products that are unpasteurized and organic).
Zinc is found in grains and legumes, plus it’s usually added to processed, packaged grain products like cereals. However, this type of zinc isn’t as absorbable or useful by the body since it’s bound to “antinutrients” like phytates that actually prevent zinc absorption.
For this reason, even zinc found in whole foods like legumes and whole grains aren’t as good of a source as animal foods due to naturally occurring antinutrients that block zinc absorption. Research even points to the fact that high intake of carbohydrate foods (especially processed, packaged kinds) in the U.S and other western nations may be one reason why zinc deficiency is on the rise. In part, zinc deficiency is caused because carbohydrates are replacing high-quality protein sources, but also because people’s impaired digestive systems make it difficult to absorb enough zinc.
Who is most at risk for zinc deficiency? Anyone following a plant-based diet that doesn’t include meat or dairy products (vegan or vegetarian) are usually at the greatest risk since their diets eliminate the highest food sources. People who suffer from severe stomach-acid issues, chronic digestive problems like leaky gut syndrome or alcoholism are also more likely to have a zinc deficiency.
Finally, it’s believed that women taking the birth control pill or who are on hormone replacement therapies drugs may also be at a higher risk, since this can interfere with zinc’s roles in the body related to hormones.
According to the Department of Health, Dietary Reference Values for Nutrient Intake for the United Kingdom for zinc below are based on age and gender:
0 – 3 months: 4mg
4 – 6 months: 4mg
7 – 12 months: 5mg
1- 3 years old – 5mg
4 – 6 years old – 6.5mg
7-10 years old – 7mg
11 – 14 years old: 9mg
15 – 18 years old: 9.5mg
19 – 50 years old: 9.5mg
50+ years old: 9.5mg
11 – 14 years old: 9mg
15 – 18 years old: 7mg
19 – 50 years old: 7mg
50+ years old: 7mg
0 – 4 months: + 6mg
4 + months: + 2.5mg
Source: Reference Nutrient Intakes from Department of Health, Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy
and Nutrients for the United Kingdom, HMSO, 1991
The most common signs and symptoms associated with zinc deficiency include:
- Changes in appetite, including food cravings for salty or sweet foods
- Changes in ability to taste and smell
- Weight gain or loss
- Hair loss
- Digestive problems, including diarrhea
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
- Hormonal problems, including worsened PMS or menopause symptoms
- Low immunity
- Poor concentration and memory
- Slowed ability to heal wounds, skin infections or irritation
- Nerve dysfunction